Neutral and Regenerative Livestock
The platform developed by the Neutral Livestock Project is able to provide more than 20 environmental services, they are:
Figure 5: Environmental Services of Regenerative and Neutral Agriculture
Source: Neutral Livestock Project 2018
The current level of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere is the highest in the last 420,000 years. The eight warmest years in history have occurred in the last
decade. The Greenhouse Gases are largely responsible for climate change on our planet, especially by global warming, which is causing forest fires, changes in ocean currents, melting ice and rising sea levels.
Carbon sequestration is accomplished through trees in the production system through the process of photosynthesis. Thus helps in reducing pollution and global temperature.
One of the techniques used is plantations in the Silvipastoril systems with alignment level.
This Sustainable Production System, helps in the water recharge of the water table and with this, there is less runoff of water in the soil, keeping the water longer within its watershed.
This is because the alignment level forms a "trough of water absorption" distributed homogeneously over the area, which causes the speed of rainwater to be braked when it touches the ground. By reducing its power on impact, water has a higher rate of infiltration into the soil, this extra water captured helps the water table to increase its volume and make stronger springs.
Due to the same explanation of Water Conservation, reducing the speed of the water provoked by the alignment level causes the speed of rainwater to be braked, reducing its strength and its impact on soil structure. Thus, we have a reduced chance of erosion and leaching in these areas.
Distribution of trees in pastures follows a standardized layout that provides a large grove, which provides homogeneous shading capable of reducing the temperature 2 to 6 degrees Celsius within the system. Thermal comfort, combined with factors such as: good management, good pasture, mineral supplementation, proper sanitary management, good water quality, can generate an increase in productivity of 15 to 30% per animal, for both dairy and meat.
Fauna – Floral – Biodiversity
Farms of the Neutral Livestock Project have 48% of their total area made up of a Legal Reserve and Permanent Preservation Areas (PPAs). Thus providing its contribution to the impacts of mitigation on fauna, flora and biodiversity in the environment that is inserted.
The areas are composed of the Legal Reserve and Permanent Preservation Areas (PPA) feature native vegetation of forest typology Seasonal Semideciduous Forest, the Atlantic Forest Biome, with species such as rosewood, cedar, quaresmeira, ipê e cambará, jacaré, embaúba, pau mulato and angelim. In parts not as lush, dirty field vegetation dominates, or popularly known as carponier, with the occurrence of species like wolf gray, steely-fish, ipe and quaresmeiras.
Some animals and birds are found on site, such as armadillo, cavy, coati, Siriema, guan, nhambu, maritaca, thrush, land canary, anu white, beak of Aracari, woodcreeper of sawed, fim fim, heron cowgirl, garibaldi , teque teque, toucan, pampas deer and ocelots.
Figure 6 - Table with the distribution usage of soil of Neutral Livestock Project
Source: Neutral Livestock Project 20
Figure 7 - Mosaic of the areas of production and preservation
Source: Triqueda Farm
The figure above shows an intelligent production matrix, that values the particular aptitude of each area of the farm and thus maximizes production and areas for biodiversity conservation.
In addition to all the benefits mentioned above, the Silvipastoril System considerably increases the profitability per hectare of the property, reaching an average rate of return on the capital of 25% per year.
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